Don’t use passwords. Instead, use PassPhrases. That is, instead of trying to come up with a complicated word, use a phrase or a sentence. One you can remember, of course. A phrase longer than 12 characters is better than a complex password with a lot of symbols.
Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA)
Or sometimes called Two-Factor Authentication (2FA) has become the hottest topic in cyber security. It requires at least 2 manners of authentication. Therefore, in addition to your passphrase (see above), you are also required to provide another form of identification whether biometric, one-time code (via text, email or authenticator app on your phone), or a smart key (fob that generates a one-time code).
Be wary of links in social media posts, text messages, or emails. Especially be suspicious of anything from a stranger.
Keep all operating systems, software, and applications updated. Check often for updates or, better yet, have your devices set to update automatically.
Be sure to backup all your important documents, work, and photos. Backup frequently or set this to be automated as well. Keep 3 copies of your data – store 2 copies on different media – keep 1 copy located offsite.
Whenever downloading a new program/app or setting up a new device, configure the privacy and security settings to your comfort level. Check your privacy and security settings at least once a year to ensure you are still okay with how they are set.
Be careful about how much personal information you share online. You may even choose to create a profile in a different name in order to limit the amount of information strangers can access about you.
Be careful when using public WiFi networks or hotspots. They are NOT secure. If you do use it, DO NOT access your bank accounts or other sensitive data while on that network. If necessary, use a virtual private network (VPN) or use a personal hotspot for a more secure connection. Most cell phone plans allow you to set up your own hotspot. Check with your provider.